Monday, October 8, 2012

Corruption obsession, caste still a player in India

It is a common notion that poverty in India is due to corruption. No! Corruption is just one in the list others are unemployment, over population..., in a complex social structure that too  a  caste based structure like ours, caste system proves to be a significant cause for poverty. One can confirm this to some extent because poorest of the poor belong to a suppressed class or the dalits.

Corruption obsession.  [What noise of corruption has done]
“The corruption obsession also crowds out the debate on other crucial problems. A country's bankrupt educational system, malfunctioning hospitals or stagnating economy cannot compete with headlines about a corruption scandal. These problems may be aggravated by corruption, but they are created by conditions that often have little to do with the behavior of dishonest government officials. Even when such social ills rise to the top of the national agenda, the fight against corruption tends to inform the public debate. Inevitably, the public's understanding of what it would take to tackle other national priorities becomes clouded by the corruption obsession”
Since ages owing to its social structure and strong caste practices that are inherently discriminating in nature have rendered majority of India poor and can be understood from the below quotes of Vivekananda.
[I am quoting Vivekananda so that caste believers should not say I am biased, otherwise you can refer to romila, jadunath sarkar etc who have quoted more intensively from history]

Priest craft has had an impact on India via caste system. What is the kind of impact.

Swami Vivekananda said that one of the cause for the downfall of India has been the negligence of her poor masses for ages.

 "I believe in helping the miserable. I consider that the great national sin is the neglect of the masses, and that is one of the causes of our downfall” [Swami Vivekananda]

 Pooh! India is to be raised, the poor are to be fed, education is to be spread, and the evil of priest craft is to be removed. No priest craft, no social tyranny!  [Swami Vivekananda]

Priest craft is the one that enforced caste system in India and is directly responsible for this massive discrimination that is never found in any part of the earth. Which can be confirmed from the below quote of vivekananda

"It is in the books written by priests that madnesses like that of caste are to be found, and not in books revealed from God".  [Swami Vivekananda]

 AXIOM 1_1 

The Caste System in India  [ Excerpt from a study]
IV.1. Economic State of Untouchables in India
“The caste system that was established in India forced many people who belong to the lower castes into poverty. There are approximately 180 million to 220 million people who are considered to be in the lowest caste in India (Ninian, 2008). These lower castes or ?Dalits? (broken people) are essentially shunned from society (Thekaekara, 2005). It is not that they have earned such isolation, they ?experience absolute exclusion from the cradle to the grave? (Thekaekara, 2005).
Many are forbidden to hold jobs because their caste may be one of an untouchable, or a person with basically no rights. Out of the 180-220 million Dalits, 40 million are essentially doing slave labor because they must work off the debts of their ancestors (Ninian, 2008). These people are taught to expect nothing in life but to work all day in the sun and hope that someone will buy their labor or produce, which is in fact uncommon because those of higher castes often refuse to touch anything an untouchable has touched. This practice is due to the reasoning that people feared that even a simple glance at an untouchable could pollute your standing in a higher caste position and aid in the eventual downgrade of caste in the next life (Standing, 2007). Because of this discrimination and work bondage, it is difficult for many people of a lower caste to have a steady income, therefore keeping them in extreme poverty.”

Corruption has too easily become the universal diagnosis for a nation's ills. If we could only curtail the culture of graft and greed, we are told, many other intractable problems would easily be solved. But although it is true that corruption can be crippling, putting an end to the bribes, kickbacks, and payoffs will not necessarily solve any of the deeper problems that afflict societies.”
So one such deeper problem in India is caste system and its brutal practices enforced and continued even till today.

*) Thus we come to know that caste oppression since ages is the reason for majority India to be in state of poverty.
*) Corruption undoubtedly is also a reason for poverty, so if considered the below parameters
      a) Caste system
      b) unemployment
      c) corruption as chief factors

  For a dalit cause of poverty and the degree of parameters affecting are in this order is a > b > c [Here c is almost negligible], Because he is discriminated, he is unemployed or employed in substandard jobs which does not allow him to fulfill his basic  needs and further corruption does not allow him to get funds that he is entitled to, this is again due to caste system )
Corruption is no doubt a problem but its a problem to middleclass,  Today, India's GDP is more than five times what it was in 1991. Its major cities are now home to an affluent professional class that commutes in new cars on freshly paved four-lane highways to jobs that didn't exist. But this affluence is not for Indian majority. Economic liberalization has not even nudged the lives of the country's bottom 200 million people  .                             
 Citations and Further reading
Poverty levels are highest among India’s tribal population (81.4 percent), followed by Dalits (65.8 percent) and Other Backward Classes (58.3 percent). The poverty level among the rest of the population is 33.3 percent.  
What Noted columnist and an expert in rural issues P Sainath says   [ ]
 "Only 16 per cent of dalits live in urban areas. The remaining 84 per cent, in rural India. The over 450 SC groups in the country represent an important and incredibly complex phenomenon. A people confronted by seemingly intractable problems brought on by millenia of exploitation, enforced poverty and deprivation."
Since obtaining independence in 1947, Indian governments have been deeply concerned with widespread poverty and have implemented various anti-poverty schemes. However, rural poverty remains persistent, with the headcount ratio being 30.2 percent in 1999/2000 (Deaton, 2003a). Particularly troubling is the concentration of rural poverty in India in the “scheduled caste” (SC) and “scheduled tribe” (ST) populations.1 The presence of such disparity in the incidence ofpoverty and widespread discrimination against scheduled groups have long histo-ries in India. Affirmative action programs have been at the core of Indian social policy directed toward scheduled groups.Our focus is on rural poverty. Most of India’s poor live in rural areas. Also, we can observe classification of SC, ST and non-scheduled households more clearly in rural areas.
Poverty tends to be characterized by the denial of rights as well as material insufficiency.

The caste system in India is a traditional drag on society since early times. Some castes seem to suffer from a feeling that all human beings are not equal. This superiority complex among some castes has brought a situation in which the untouchables are the poorest among the poor and suffer as bonded labor, child labor and prostitution.
It was only after independence that the government carried out certain legal reforms to abolish untouchability and to reserve seats in schools and colleges for the scheduled and backward communities. The major part of the benefits has, however, been grabbed by a few privileged Scheduled castes and Scheduled tribes. The poorest still remain poor
World Development book case study: the dalit minority in India
More than 60 years after gaining independence, India is still very much afflicted by the cancer of the caste system. Dalits remain the most vulnerable, marginalized and brutalized community in the country.
Dalits remain the most vulnerable, marginalized and brutalized community in the country
India's elephant in the room: The success of Slumdog Millionaire obscures the real cause of poverty in India – the caste system
The Caste System: Effects on Poverty in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
Discrimination - Hidden causes of poverty in India  Caste-based segregation
/*********, Excerpt for the above link: A 1995 study suggests that the caste system in India must be viewed as a system of exploitation of poor low-ranking groups by ore prosperous high-ranking groups.

Friday, September 28, 2012

igher education abroad not because of Reservation but...?

  Indian youth pursues higher education abroad not because of
  Reservation but...?

         Who would not like to earn in dollars and spend in rupees

If i am able to recollect rightly, R K Narayan explains the adoloscent mind and its passion for higher education abroad in his novel The Bachelor of Arts (1937). Noticiably this is preindependence era. Chandran's(main character) mind contemplates whether to pursue higher education like his friends. He is coaxed by his on and so forth. Note that Pre-Independence there was no reservation policy.

This clearly shows that upper middle class always were passionate about studying abroad. Probably one strong reason other than matter of prestige was the lack of access to logistics,infrastructure and faculty in the pre-Independence  era but at the same time we should not forget that speaking English itelf was regarded high among this class.

So this mindset of upper middle class that has remained and percolated is also a reason for studying abroad.So now even Middle class is able to afford because of loan schemes and scholarships Of course another point is recognition. A student feels he is more recognised with a foreign degree. Another reason we should not forget is it would aid him to get a green card, a job with fat pay. I strongly feel earning money is  another reason. Who would not like to earn in dollars and spend in rupees.

At the same time we should agree that even to this day in certain areas access to technology,encouragement and infrastructure is better in foreign countries.

In addition

a) Why does not people who complete BE/B TECH from premier institutes further purse PG in the same
   institute ?

b) For some its a passion, but for some its a fashion. its boring let me spend some time abroad and get a degree at the
  same time.

Percentage of reservation in IITs is very small, the above chart summarizes everything. Percentage of students with reservation background is very less in top universities.

Monday, September 24, 2012

ಭಯ -ಭಯ

ಮುದ್ರೆ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ ನಾಮ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ
ಜಾತಿ ಮತ ಎಂದರೆ ಇನ್ನೂ ಭಯವಣ್ಣ

ಮಠ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ ಮಠಾದೀಶ್ವರ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ
ಅವರ ಮಾತುಗಳೆಂದರೆ ಇನ್ನೂ ಭಯವಣ್ಣ

ಮೂಢನಂಬಿಕೆ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ ನಕ್ಷತ್ರ ಜ್ಯೋತಿಷ್ಯ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ
ಬಡವನ ಸುಡುವ ಹೋಮ ಹವನಗಳೆಂದರೆ ಇನ್ನೂ ಭಯವಣ್ಣ

ಮತಾಂಧತೆ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ ಧರ್ಮಾಂಧತೆ ಎಂದರೆ ಭಯ
ಇವುಗಳ ಅಂಗ ಸಂಘಗಳ ಸ್ವಯಂ ಸೇವಕರೆಂದರೆ ಇನ್ನೂ ಭಯವಣ್ಣ

ಧರ್ಮ ರಕ್ಷಕ ಸ್ವಘೋಷಿತ ದುಷ್ಟ ಶಿಕ್ಷಕರೆಂದರೆ ಭಯ
ಎಲ್ಲದರ ಅಮಲೇರಿದ ಗುರುವಿನ ಮತ್ತೂ ಭಯವಣ್ಣ


Must read blogs for newcomers on kuvmepu and tejaswi... authored by Dr B R Satyanarayana.  // A blunder essay by a youth(unsharpened mind) on terrorism // about tejaswi as felt by Dr Satyanarayana sahaja krishi, tejaswi., 20 punch lines // universal song...aniketana // tejaswi alemari andaman, 20 punch lines // krishna again.. // tejaswi swaroopa 20 punch lines // lohia  // bendre nice allama prabhu bendre, few bits of poetry // kuvempu bits..goodone // Bendre ++ // kuvempu poem //kuvmepu -- context based understanding... // kuvempu poovu ,his first poem // Tejaswi bullets // Tejaswi , dharmika shraddeya nirlakshe // kuvempu jalagara kuvempu , jatindranath das // kavishaladalli sandhye, kuvempu poem.. // kuvempu related // kuvempu -- ratnakara -- anna ratnakara // Tejaswi on venilla.., foresight of tejaswi /// advaithi [ he did not cry when his mother passes away, but cries when TSV passes away..a true transition from advaithi to a real advaithi..., i remember vivekananda saying a true sanyasi has emotions, who said sanyasi does not ahve emotions when somebody questions vivekananda] // kuvempu + G P Rajaratnam + gommata

Tuesday, September 18, 2012


ಕನಸಲಿ ಗಣೇಶ ಬಂದ
ಸೊಂಡಿಲನಾಡಿಸುತ ಅಂದ
ಗೊತ್ತೇನೋ ಮೂಢ ನಾನ್ಯರೆಂದ
ಭಯದಲಿ ನಾನು ನಡುಗುತ

ಹೌದೋ ಯಪ್ಪ ನಿನ್ನ ಹೊಟ್ಟೆ ದಪ್ಪ
ನೀನೆ ತಾನೆ ಕಡಬು ಪ್ರಿಯ ಗಣಪ
ಜಗದ ವಿಷ  ನುಂಗಿದ ಈಶ-
ನ ಮಗನಲ್ಲವೆ ಓ ಗಣೇಶ

ಸಾಕು ನಿಲ್ಲಿಸು ನಿನ್ನ ನಾಟಕದ ಸ್ತುತಿ
ಎನಾಗಿಹುದು ನಿಮ್ಮೆಲ್ಲರ ಮತಿ
ಕರಗದ ವಸ್ತುಗಳಲೆನ್ನನು ಮಾಡಿ
ಪೈಪೋಟಿಗೆ ರಾಸಾಯನಿಕ ಬಣ್ಣವ ಬಳಿದಾಡಿ

"ಗಣೇಶ ಗಣೇಶ" ಎಂದು ಹುಸಿ ಕೂಗಾಡಿ
ದುಂದಿನ ಮೆರವಣಿಗೆ ಮಾಡಿ ಕೆರೆಯಲಿ ದೂಡಿ
ನೀರಾಗಿದೆ ವಿಷ ಪರಿಸರವೆಲ್ಲ ನಾಶ
ಸರಳದಿ ಮನದಲಿ ನೆನೆಯಿರಿ ಕಡಬನು ತಿನ್ನುತ ನಲಿಯಿರಿ
ನನ್ನ ಪ್ರೀತಿಗೆ ಪಾತ್ರವಾಗಿ ಕೂಡಿ ಬಾಳಿರಿ
     ಎನ್ನುತ ಕರಗಿ ಮಾಯವಾದ ಗಣೇಶ

ಗಣೇಶ ದುಃಖದಿ ಎಂದ ನನಗೇಕೀ ಶಿಕ್ಷೆ
ಅಪ್ಪನನು ಭುವಿಗಿಳಿಸಿ ನುಂಗಿಸಿದಿರಿ ವಿಷ
ನನ್ನಯ ಹೆಸರಲಿ ಮಾಡುತಿರುವಿರೇಕೆ ಪರಿಸರ ನಾಶ

Friday, September 7, 2012

incorrect interpretation of shloka 15.8 ?

HI Friends this is another shloka a pick from Gita whose explanation by ISKCON/Bhaktivedanta is  questionable, they have taken  a excessive pluralistic approach here, already we are suffering from innumerable division among ourselves in the society. To top this  they have differentiated the soul which is still bigger intellectual sin. We find loads and loads of such interpretations which are detrimental to the sum total intellect of society. According to Isconi's, it seems their exits a condition soul and then their exists a liberated soul. No doubt ISKON is introducing layers between God and Man  making their way by forcing us  to condescend to the people in between God and Humanbeing there by looting money in the name of Krishna consciousness and creating a  hierarchy of soul and human beings.
Bhagavad Gita As It Is - Chapter 15 Text 18
yasmat ksaram atito 'ham
aksarad api cottamah
ato 'mi loke vede ca
prathitah purusottamah
yasmat--because; ksaram--to the fallible; atitah--transcendental; aham--I am; aksarat--beyond the infallible; api--also; ca--and; uttamah--the best; atah--therefore; asmi--I am; loke--in the world; vede--in the Vedic literature; ca--and; prathitah--celebrated; purusa-uttamah--as the Supreme Personality.

Because I am transcendental, beyond both the fallible and the infallible, and because I am the greatest, I am celebrated both in the world and in the Vedas as that Supreme Person.


No one can surpass the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krsna--neither the conditioned soul nor the liberated soul. He is therefore the greatest of personalities. Now it is clear here that the living entities and the Supreme Personality of Godhead are individuals. The difference is that the living entities, either in the conditioned state or in the liberated state, cannot surpass in quantity the inconceivable potencies of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. It is incorrect to think of the Supreme Lord and the living entities as being on the same level or equal in all respects. There is always the question of superiority and inferiority between their personalities. The word uttama is very significant. No one can surpass the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
The word loke signifies "in the paurusa agama (the smrti scriptures)." As confirmed in the Nirukti dictionary, lokyate vedartho 'nena: "The purpose of the Vedas is explained by the smrti scriptures."
The Supreme Lord, in His localized aspect of Paramatma, is also described in the Vedas themselves. The following verse appears in the Vedas (Chandogya Upanisad 8.1 2.3): tavad esa samprasado 'mac charirat samutthaya param jyoti-rupam sampadya svena rupenabhinispadyate sa uttamah purusah. "The Supersoul coming out of the body enters the impersonal brahmajyoti; then in His form He remains in His spiritual identity. That Supreme is called the Supreme Personality." This means that the Supreme Personality is exhibiting and diffusing His spiritual effulgence, which is the ultimate illumination. That Supreme Personality also has a localized aspect as Paramatma. By incarnating Himself as the son of Satyavati and Parasara, He explains the Vedic knowledge as Vyasadeva.

Thursday, September 6, 2012

Hindutva != Hinduism

Why there exists a sea of gap between the Hindutva definition of RSS and that of Hinduism by Indian saints/ Masters. RSS claims itself to be a Hindu organization and it portrays itself as the savior and preacher of Hindu dharma. But the below quotations in comparison clearly depicts that there is a gap between the Hinduism defined by RSS and preached by Vivekananda, Aurobindo, Paramahamsa, Ramana maharshi. I randomly picked few quotes. Hindu dharma or Sanathana dharma is entirely different from the RSS Hindutva agenda.
What great philosophers and saints like Vivekananda, Aurobindo, Paramahamasa etc  said
What RSS said ?
“If I am sure of anything, it is this humanity, which is common to all …. So it is with the universal religion, which runs through all the various religions of the world in the form of God; it must and does exist through eternity. ‘I am the thread that runs through all these pearls… ‘ (Gita) and each pearl is a religion or even a sect thereof, only the majority of mankind is entirely unconscious of it [ Vivekananda - I]

he Mohammedan conquest of India came as a salvation to the downtrodden, to the poor. That is why one-fifth of our people have become Mohammedans. It was not the sword that did it all. It would be the height of madness to think it was all the work of sword and fire. And one-fifth — one-half — of your Madras people will become Christians if you do not take care. Was there ever a sillier thing before in the world than what I saw in Malabar country? The poor Pariah is not allowed to pass through the same street as the high-caste man, but if he changes his name to a hodge-podge English name, it is all right; or to a Mohammedan name, it is all right. What inference would you draw except that these Malabaris are all lunatics, their homes so many lunatic asylums, and that they are to be treated with derision by every race in India until they mend their manners and know better. Shame upon them that such wicked and diabolical customs are allowed; their own children are allowed to die of starvation, but as soon as they take up some other religion they are well fed. There ought to be no more fight between the castes. [ Vivekananda - II]
“Sangh does not want to blame anybody else for the present degraded state of the society. When the people start blaming others, then there is weakness in them. It is futile to blame the strong for the injustice done to the weak… Sangh does not want to waste its invaluable time in abusing or criticizing others. If we know that large fish eat the smaller ones, it is outright madness to blame the big fish. Law of nature whether good or bad is true all the time [ RSS ]
Swa matha branthi [ My creed/religion is the best ] is the most dangerous [ Bhagawad Geetha]

"If there are errors in other religions, that is none of our business. God, to whom the world belongs, takes care of that." (p. 559) [ Ramakrishna]
'Unfortunately in our country our Constitution has equated the children of the soil with the aggressor, and given equal rights to everybody, just as a person without understanding may give equal rights to his children and to the thieves in his house and distribute the property among all.'[RSS]
"Each religion has helped mankind. Paganism increased in man the light of beauty, the largeness and height of his life, his aim at a many-sided perfection; Christianity gave him some vision of divine love and charity; Buddhism has shown him a noble way to be wiser, gentler, purer, Judaism and Islam how to be religiously faithful in action and zealously devoted to God; Hinduism has opened to him the largest and profoundest spiritual possibilities. " [ Aurobindo]
The foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must loose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment — not even citizen's rights. There is, at least, should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation; let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races, who have chosen to live in our country". (Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar's, We or Our Nationhood Defined)...[RSS]
"Religion has no business to formulate social laws and insist on the difference between beings, because its aim and end is to obliterate all such fictions and monstrosities." [ Swami Vivekananda - III]
To keep up the purity of the Race and its culture, Germany shocked the world by her (sic) purging the country of the Semitic Races — the Jews. Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindusthan to learn and profit by. [RSS]

Unfortunately the core values of sanathana dharma as explained to us by likes of Vivekananda namely Tolerance, Equality, and universality are thrown to the wind by RSS. They started their agenda with being guardians of Hindus and wished to establish a Hindu nation in accordance with Shastra’s like Manushastra etc… Their immediate victims were the Non Hindus and the so called untouchables well within the Hindu caste system. Untouchables in general the Non upper caste are also victims of RSS agenda although RSS claims to take all Hindus under one umbrella. The sole reason for this being their strong trust in Manushastra whose pedestal is inequality. Only hardened minds can believe in the principles described in Manushastra. Their cheap attacks in Mangalore that happened recently are also partly due to the text in shastra’s which denied freedom to women and hence any women with a modern outlook are easy prey to such people [ … be continued]

Friday, August 24, 2012


A comparison between korean poem and kannada poem
 ಅಡಿಗರ ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆ ಹಾಗು ಕೊರಿಯನ್ "ನಾನು ಮತ್ತು ಸಿಗರೇಟು" ಪದ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಂಡ ಸಾಮ್ಯ

I poem and cigarette [ korean poem by Mr O-sang-soon translated to English by lee jo mo ]

i poem and cigarette are
a trinity of the same
with different tones

i and my poetic spirit
are the smoke spewing in volume

riding on the endless curved tune
it thins , seeping into the heart
of the blue sky forever

 [ ನಾನು ಪ್ರಯತ್ನಿಸಿದ  ಕನ್ನಡದ ಅನುವಾದ ]
ನಾನು , ಪದ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಸಿಗರೇಟು
ಅದರದ್ದೆ ತ್ರಿವಳಿ ಸಂಗಮ [ ತ್ರಯೈಕತ್ವ]
ರಾಗಾಲಾಪಗಳು ಬೇರೆ ಬೇರೆ

ನಾನು ಮತ್ತು ನನ್ನ ಕಾವ್ಯಾತ್ಮ
ಸೂಸುತ್ತಿರುವ ಹೊಗೆಯ ಹೊನಲು

ಅನಂತ ರಾಗದಲೆಯ ಮೇಲದು ಮಾಡುತ್ತ ಸವಾರಿ
ಕರಗಿ ಕರಗಿ ಜಾರುವುದು ಆಕಾಶದೆದೆಯೊಳಗೆ

 ನಾನು ಕಚೇರಿಯ ಕಾರ್ಯ ನಿಮಿತ್ತ 2011 ನವೆಂಬರ್ ತಿಂಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊರಿಯಾಗೆ ತೆರಳಿದ್ದೆ, ಕೆಲಸ ಮುಗಿಸಿ ಭಾರತಕ್ಕೆ ವಾಪಾಸಗುವ ಮುನ್ನ, ಅದೇನೋ ಹಿಂದಿನ ದಿನ ಅಂತರ್ಜಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಓದಿದ ಒಂದು ಕು ಸಾಂಗ್ ಕವಿಯ ಕೊರಿಯನ್ ಕಾವ್ಯ ನನ್ನಲ್ಲಿ ಅಲ್ಲಿನ ಕವಿಗಳ ಕವಿತೆಗಳನ್ನು ಓದುವ ಹಂಬಲವನ್ನು ಹಿಮ್ಮಡಿಸಿತು. ನಾನು ತಂಗಿದ್ದ ಹೊಟೆಲಿನ ಮಾಲೀಕರನ್ನು ಆಂಗ್ಲಕ್ಕೆ ತರ್ಜುಮೆಯಾಗಿರುವ ಪದ್ಯಗಳುಳ್ಳ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ಬೇಕೆಂದು ಕೋರಿದೆ. ಅವರು ನನಗೆ ಖುಷಿಯಾಗಿ ಹಣವನ್ನು ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳದೆ ಉಡುಗೊರೆಯಾಗಿ ಜೆ ಮೋ ಲೀ ಬರೆದಿರುವ modern korean poems translated into English ಪುಸ್ತಕವನ್ನು ನೀಡಿದರು[ಅವರ ಪ್ರಕಾರ ಇದೊಂದೆ ಮಾರುಕಟ್ಟೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಲಭ್ಯವಿರುವ ಉತ್ತಮ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ]

 ಇದರಲ್ಲಿ ಸಂಗ್ ಸೂ ಅವರ ಪದ್ಯ "ನಾನು ಮತ್ತು ಸಿಗರೇಟು" ಓದಿದಕೂದಲೆ ಅಡಿಗರ ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆ ಕವನ ನೆನಪಾಯಿತು.
ಇದು [ನಾನು ಮತ್ತು ಸಿಗರೇಟು] ಸರಳತೆಯಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿದ್ದು ತನ್ನದೆ ಸೊಗಡನ್ನು ಮೆರೆಯುತ್ತಿದೆ. ಒಬ್ಬ ಕೊರಿಯ ದೇಶದ ನವ್ಯ ಕವಿ, ಮತ್ತೊಬ್ಬ ಕರುನಾಡ ನವ್ಯ ಕವಿ ಇವೆರಡನ್ನು ಹೋಲಿಕೆ ಮಾಡದಿರಲಾಗಲಿಲ್ಲ. ಮೊದಲ ನೋಟಕ್ಕೆ ಆಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸಾಮೀಪ್ಯವಿಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದರು ಸರಳ ಹಾಗು ಮನಕ್ಕೆ ಮುದ ನೀಡುವ ಸಾಮೀಪ್ಯವಿದೆ ಎನಿಸಿತು. ಕೆಳಗಿನ ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆಯ ಸಾಲುಗಳು, ಕೊರಿಯನ್ ಪದ್ಯದ ಮೊದಲ ಸಾಲುಗಳನ್ನು ನೆನಪಿಸುತ್ತವೆ.

 ಸಿಗರೇಟಿನ ಹೊಗೆ ವರ್ತುಳ ವರ್ತುಳ..
ವಿವಿಧರೂಪ ವಿಹ್ವಲವಿಲಾಪಗಳು..
ಗಾಳಿಯಲೆಯಮೇಲೆ [ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆ ಸಾಲುಗಳು - ]

 ನಾನು ನೀನು ಸಿಗರೇಟು. ಅಹಹ !. ಅದೆ ಬಣ್ಣವಣ್ಣ ತಿಣ್ನ
ನಮ್ಮ ಬಾಳು ಹೊಗೆ, ಕಾಣದೊಂದು ನಗೆ ಹರಹುತಿರುವ ಬನ್ನ !
ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆ ಸಾಲುಗಳು ೨೭ - ೨೮]

ಆಡಿಗರ ಪದ್ಯ ವಿಶೇಷವಾದ ಅರ್ಥದಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿದ್ದು ನಮ್ಮನ್ನು ಹಾಗು ಬಾಳನ್ನು ಸಿಗರೇಟಿಗೆ ಹೋಲಿಸಿ, ಯಾವುದೋ ಕಾಣದ ಕೈ-ಬಾಯಿ ಸೇದಿ ನಮ್ಮನ್ನು ಆಡಿಸುತಿರುವ ಭಾವದಲೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ತೇಲಿಸುತ್ತದೆ.
  " ಸಿಗರೇಟು ತೋರುತಿದೆ; ಹೊಗೆಯು ಏರುತಿದೆ; ಕುಡಿವ ಸೊಗಸುಗಾರ ಯಾವನವನು ?
ಕಾಣಿಸದು ಕುಡಿವ ಬಾಯ್ ... [ ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆ ಸಾಲುಗಳು  ೩೧ - ೩೨ ]

ಹಾಗೆ ಮೆಲ್ಲನೆ ಸಿಗರೇಟು ತೀರುತ್ತ ಬಾಳ ಸತ್ಯತೆಯನ್ನು ಮೆಲಕಾಕುತ್ತ ಕೊನೆಯೆಣಿಸುವ ಕಡೆಯ ಸಾಲುಗಳಿಗೆ, ಸಂಗ್ ಸೂ ಅವರ ಪದ್ಯದ ಅಂತ್ಯ ಸಾಲುಗಳು " ಹೇಗೆ ಅಲೆಯ ಮೇಲೆ ಸವಾರಿ ಮಾಡುತ್ತ ಬಾಳಸಿರಿ ಕಾವ್ಯಾತ್ಮ ಸಿರಿ ವಿಶಾಲತೆಯನ್ನಪ್ಪಿ ಒಂದಾಗುವುದು" ಎಂಬುದನ್ನು ವಿವರಿಸುತ್ತ ಅಡಿಗರ ಪದ್ಯದ ಅಂತ್ಯಕ್ಕೆ ತಾನಗಿಯೆ ವಿಶೇಷ ಅರ್ಥ ಬರೆದಿಟ್ಟಂತಿದೆ. ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಸರಳವಾಗಿ ಅಡಿಗರ ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆಯನ್ನು ಅರ್ಥೈಸಿದಂತಿದೆ.

    ಸಿಗರೇಟು ತೀರುತಿದೆ ಹೊಗೆಯು ಏರುತಿದೆ,
ಹೊಗೆಯು ಮೊದಲು ಕೊನೆಯು!
ಬಾಳ ನನೆಯ ಕೊನೆಯು "  [ ಧೂಮಲೀಲೆ ಸಾಲುಗಳು  ೩೩ - ೩೫ ]
ಇದರ ನಡುವೆ ಷರೀಫರ "ಗುಡuಗುಡಿಯ ಸೇದಿ ನೋಡೊ" ಸಾಲುಗಳು ಖಂಡಿತ ಸುಳಿದು ಮನಕಲಕದಿರದೆ ಹೋಗುವುದಿಲ್ಲ. ನಿನ್ನನ್ನೆ ಗುಡಗುಡಿಯಾಗಿಸಿ ಸೇದಿ ಬಿಡು, ಒಳಗಿನ ಅಜ್ಞಾನ ತೊಲಗಿಬಿಡಲೆಂಬ  ಕರೆ ಮತ್ತೂ ಅಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮ ಪ್ರಪಂಚದೊಳಗೆ ಕರೆದೊಯ್ಯುತ್ತದೆ. ಮೂರೂ ಕಾವ್ಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕಂಡು ಬರುವ ವಸ್ತು ಸಿಗರ್‍ಏಟಾದರು, ಒಂದೊಂದು ಕಾವ್ಯವು ಒಂದಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಒಂದು ಸರಳ, ಒಂದಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಒಂದು ಆಳ ಎನ್ನಿಸುತ್ತದೆ
ಆಳ ಮತ್ತು ಸರಳತೆ ಒಳ್ಳೆಯ ಕಾವ್ಯದ ಗುರುತು ಎಂಬ ಸಂದೇಶವನ್ನಿತ್ತಂತಿದೆ. ನಮ್ಮ ಬದುಕು ಕೊನೆಗೆ  ವಿಶ್ವಾತ್ಮದೊಂದಿಗೆ ಲಯವಾಗುವ ಆಲೋಚನೆಯನ್ನು ಪ್ರಸ್ತುತಪಡಿಸುತ್ತಿವೆ. ಕೊರಿಯ ದೇಶದ ಕಾವ್ಯ ಸಿರಿವಂತಿಕೆ ನಮ್ಮ ನಾಡಿನಷ್ಟಿಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದರು ವಿದ್ಯೆ, ಪ್ರತಿಭೆ, ಆಲೋಚನಾ ಪಥ ಪರಂಪರೆಯ ಸ್ವತ್ತಲವೆಂಬುದನ್ನು ದೃಢ ಪಡಿಸಿದಂತಿದೆ.
ಇತ್ತೀಚಿನವರೆಗೆ [೧೯೦೦] ಕೊರಿಯನ್ ಪದ್ಯಗಳನ್ನು ಬರೆಯಲು ಹಂಜಾ [ ಕೊರಿಯನ್ ಭಾಷೆಯಲ್ಲಿ  ಉಚ್ಚರಿಸುವ ಚೀನೀ ಅಕ್ಷರಗಳು]ಅಕ್ಷರಗಳನ್ನು ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸಲಾಗಿತ್ತು. ಕೊರಿಯಾದ ಪ್ರಚಲಿತ ಹಾಗು ಅಚ್ಚುಮೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಕಾವ್ಯ ಶೈಲಿ ಸಿಜೊ ೧೬,೧೭ ನೆಯ ಶತಮಾನದಷ್ಟು ಹಳೆಯದು.

ಕವಿ ಪರಿಚಯ:
ಸಂಗ್ ಸೂ [ ೧೮೯೪..-೧೯೬೩.. ]

ಮಹನೀಯರು ಹುಟ್ಟಿದ್ದು ಕೊರಿಯ ದೇಶದ ಇಂದಿನ ರಾಜಧಾನಿ ಸೋಲ್ ನಗರದಲ್ಲಿ, ೧೯೨೫ ರಲ್ಲಿ ಇವರು ಪ್ರೌಢಶಾಲ ಶಿಕ್ಷಕರಾಗಿ, ೧೯೩೦ ರಲ್ಲಿ ಡೊಂಗುಕ್ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾಲಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರಾಧ್ಯಾಪಕರಾಗಿ ಕೆಲಸ ನಿರ್ವಹಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಸಮಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಅವರು ಬುದ್ಧನ ವಚನಗಳಿಂದ ಪ್ರ್ಏರಿತರಾಗಿ ಕ್ರೈಸ್ತ ಮತದಿಂದ ಬೌದ್ಧ ಧರ್ಮಕ್ಕೆ ಮೊರೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಕಾಲದ ಪ್ರಸಿದ್ಧ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಪತ್ರಿಕೆಪೆಹಿಯೊಅಂದರೆ ruins/ಪಾಳು ವಿನ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ಲೇಖಕರಾಗಿ ದುಡಿದ ಹೆಗ್ಗಳಿಕೆ ಇವರದು. ಪ್ರಮುಖವಾಗಿ ಇವರು ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ವಲಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಸಾವು, ನೈತಿಕತೆ, ಶೂನ್ಯ(ಇಲ್ಲದಿರುವಿಕೆ), nihilism  ಕುರಿತು ಪದ್ಯಗಳನ್ನು ರಚಿಸಿ ಸಮಾಜಕ್ಕೆ ಹೊಸ ರೀತಿಯ ವಾಸ್ತವಿಕೆಯನ್ನು ಹಾಗು ಸೌಂದರ್ಯವನ್ನು ಕೊಡುಗೆಯಾಗಿ ನೀಡುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಅನ್ಯ ಕಾರಣಗಳಿಗು ಪ್ರಸಿದ್ಧರು,ಇವರು ದಿನಕ್ಕೆ ೪೦೦ ಸಿಗರೇಟು ಸೇದುತ್ತಿದ್ದರೆಂದು ಗಾಂಗ್ಚೋ(ವ್ಯಂಗ್ಯ ಅರ್ಥ ಸಿಗರೇಟಿನ ಹಿಂದಿನ ತುದಿ, ನಿಜವಾದ ಅರ್ಥ ಮೀರಿದ, ಅತ್ತ್ಯುತ್ತಮ) ಎಂಬ ಅಡ್ಡೆಸರು ಬಿದ್ದಿದೆ